How Greek Red-Figure Vases Replaced Black-Figure Vases

Retro seems to be the in thing these days. There are retro sports jerseys, shoes, video games, movies, etc. What was old is new again. Some wall decor, such as wall vases, celebrates retro artistic styles. While some styles are traditional, others are so retro that they borrow styles from ancient Greek pottery. After Greek vases first began to flourish, they began using the black-figure technique. However, Greek pottery would continue to evolve.


After the Greeks started including human figures on their vases, they began adding other images as well. Many of these objects were mythological in nature. However, it is fascinating how they depicted scenes from Greek literature. Today, we use book illustrations to show a particular scene in a story. Instead, the Greeks would group certain objects together or even create new figures that had not previously appeared in the original stories! The best Black-Figure artists of this time would infuse their own experiences into their artwork.


Within time, Greek artists became limited in their artistic expression, due to the confines of the Black-Figure technique. Thus, at around 530-525 BC, they began developing a new style of vase-painting, called the Red-Figure technique. The figures remain in the clay’s color, and thus become red when someone heats the vase. In this spirit, creators of the wall vase are always striving to improve their craftsmanship.

The Greek artists used one of two main techniques. One method was to use a black glaze in order to create a very thin line that was raised a little bit. This line was a relief line. Meanwhile, the other method involved using a diluted glaze whose hue ranged from dark brown to clear yellow. The artists also applied the glaze as a solid wash, to certain sections of the vase.


The backgrounds of vases created using the Red-Figure technique were also significant. This area included the space in between and surrounding the figures on the vase. Now, the area was a shiny black hue. This contrasted greatly from black-figure vases that onlookers seemed to view against a light shone against it. However, by using the Red-Figure method, each figure seemed to be blanketed by a personal spotlight!

Just as a wall vase today can liven up a room, the new Red-Figure method created some important benefits for onlookers. Viewers of the vases could see it better from long distances. Also, decorations on the vase wore down its shape less. The black background combined with the areas of the vase without figures. As a result, the vases shape was restored, and either the silhouette or the outline of the vase became highlighted.

It is quite amazing how the black-figure method descended from its prominence in the late 7th century BC., to become virtually obsolete a century later. However, even the red-figure method would eventually lose its prominence. Some of today’s contemporary wall decors, such as wall vases, are retro Greek. Use them to turn something old into something new!

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Source by Jessica Ackerman

Table of Glycemic Index Values

One of the most important aspects in all human’s lives is to eat correctly in order to strive for optimum health. People suffering from diabetes should most definitely consider eating low glycemic index foods. There is a fortune of information relating to low GI eating and can be viewed on the internet as well as in various comprehensive GI books. If you want to increase your health then read the table of glycemic index values which is not a restrictive diet but a healthier way of eating.

Here is a basic table for everyday commonly used foods which indicate a low glycemic index value and these foods are well suited to those that are diabetic as well as those trying to lose weight. You can still enjoy your foods; all you need to do is measure the value of the foods you consume. All the foods mentioned below are low glycemic indexes such as:

Beans, Legumes and grains

• Golden oats

• Pizza beans

• White chili

• Crock pot refried beans

• Breakfast cookies

• Bulgur stuffing


• Oat waffles or pancakes

• Pancakes

• Italian bread crumbs

• Whole grain breads

Pastries and desserts

• Lemon pie

• Pie crust made from Special K

• Cheesecake

• Apple pie

• Eggnog pudding

• No bake chocolate cookies


• Scalloped sweet potatoes

• Pasta shells stuffed with sausage and spinach

• Sweet potato casserole

• Beef casserole

• Creamy beef with peppers

Fish, Eggs and Poultry

• Chicken a la king

• Lentils and aromatic chicken

• Cheese souffle

• Taco and chicken filling

• Chicken based in balsamic vinegar

• Roasted lemon chicken

• Supreme shirred eggs

Salads and salad dressings

• Crunchy pea and cheese salad

• Tuscan tuna and bean salad

• Japanese vegetable salad

• Blue cheese salad dressing

• Thousand island salad dressing

• Tzatziki sauce

• Balsamic vinegar and olive oil

Stews and soups

• Blue cheese and sweet potato soup

• Sausage, red bean and barley stew

• Egg drop soup

• Tomato bisque

• Hungarian barley beef stew

• Beef and vegetable stew

The above table of glycemic index values is only a short list, as the list is really lengthy and in order to view the complete list you should go online. Diabetics should maintain their blood sugar levels within the normal limits which will prevent any complications such as impaired vision, cardiovascular disease, blindness and neuropathy as well as kidney failure. Using the glycemic index diabetic can tailor a healthy diet plan.

Diet is very important when managing diabetes. Diabetics are able to manage their condition well just with exercise and the correct diet and maintain their blood sugar levels. Carbohydrates in specific when broken down turns to glucose and cause a sudden blood sugar spike. It is important for Type II diabetics to follow a suitable table of glycemic index values to help lower blood sugar levels. An excessive amount of sugar in the blood stream can lead to diabetic complications.

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Source by Michelle Reynolds

Gorham Sterling Silver

Possessing Gorham sterling silver pieces in your collection is indeed something to be proud of. The quality and beauty of this prestigious manufacturer had never depreciates through time. Maintaining its elegance with the proper care should be done regularly in order to avoid deterioration and tarnishing.

Gorham silver makes wonderful sterling silver flatware and holloware pieces; one of the most impressive collections that have inspired people are their teas sets. They were designed with a lot of beautiful details; in fact one of the designs became part of the history. Mary Todd Lincoln had purchased an impressive tea set which was used in the White House in 1859. The tea service was presented to the national Museum of American History. That is how valuable a Gorham piece is; therefore it deserves a proper cleaning to maintain its beauty.

A properly maintained sterling silver collection will always be a source of enjoyment. This article will provide you the different tips of how to clean silver sterling tea sets and other silver pieces.

A common problem with Gorham sterling silver or any other fine silver pieces is tarnish. This is caused by contact with sulfur compounds in air. It is also aggravated by wool, felt, fossil fuels, rubber bands. Latex gloves and even foods like eggs, onions, and mayonnaise. Tarnish formation occurs fast in a humid environment. Even oily salts from fingers may cause corrosion pattern that needs to be removed by a professional.

In washing a silver piece you have to be gentle and make sure to dry it immediately. You can use a non-lemon-scented phosphate-free detergent and soft cotton dish towel to dry it. While washing do not allow contact of the pieces to the metal sink because this will cause scratching.

Once you had noticed a yellowish tint, you have to be alarmed because tarnish is starting to develop. This is the best time to intervene because as it turns light brown to black, the difficulty of removing it increases. You can check on an early tarnish formation by viewing the object against a white piece of paper. Once you see a very light tarnish you can use Windex with vinegar or a liquid non-abrasive, unscented, aloe vera hand sanitizer. By using a cotton ball, rotate it gently and regularly to the exposed unused surfaces then dry the piece with a cotton dish towel. This is so far the least abrasive technique of cleaning a silver piece.

Once your Gorham sterling silver becomes more tarnished you will need to use a commercial silver cleaner. There are some available in the market that offers tarnish protection. It is essential to use the least abrasive product. Polishes that come in liquid that are washed off can be less abrasive because of their ability to suspend the polishing ingredients.

Always make sure to keep your polish container closed and never use a product that had dried up. The content of the dried polish becomes concentrated and may damage your silver piece. It is never advisable to use steel wool, scouring pads, and dips because they tend to be very abrasive.

If you noticed a purple stain in your set after cleaning do not mistake it as tarnish. Removing such stain might actually depreciate the value of your Gorham sterling silver. The purple stain is called a fire stain, it is an oxidized copper that can be found on pre-colonial until early 20th century pieces. This fire stain may not show up until several years of polishing and you can consult with a restoration silversmith to make the right decision about your pieces.

It is very important to take note that toothpaste should not be used in cleaning your silver piece because some may contain baking sodas that can be extremely abrasive. You need to use polishes that are specific for removal of tarnish from silver.

Having valuable possessions like a Gorham sterling silver needs some attention and maintenance. It is a must to take care of them because their value increases as they grow older. It is an easy, can even be enjoyable to do so. There is no doubt that having fine silver pieces will bring you joy for years to come.

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Source by Brandon Hale Portsmouth

Popular Patterns of Gorham Stainless Steel Flatware

Most women are naturally choosy. Even with our things, we prefer those that have unique and attractive designs.

That goes the same with the flat wares that we are using in our households. We go for utensils that have a striking design in its holder or plates that have attractive colors. We chose for things that speak a lot about us.

In a wide variety of pieces one can find in Gorham stainless steel flatware, you can select various knives in different designs and styles. Mentioned below are some of the distinct patterns of knives.

One, is the pattern Blossom. It was created as a stainless steel version of the esteemed Buttercup sterling silver pattern by Gorham. It is heavy in weight and hard to bend.

The Golden Ribbon Edge is one of the most known gold-accent Gorham stainless steel flatware patterns. Its border features 24K gold plating that continues on the reverse side and is dishwasher safe.

Another is the Silver Beads flatware. It is unique among the over 500 Gorham Stainless Steel Flatware. The large bead design is very trendy.

Gorham stainless offers a great value with their line up of boxed sets featuring heavy weight, hollow handled knives and extra place pieces.

The Melon Bud pattern in Gorham stainless steel flatware is one of the quiet successes of stainless flatware.

Pacifico is an incomparable pattern by Gorham, with a very vase-like body, and a heavy weight, the knife is made in the offset style, but does not balance on the blade itself.

There a lot of patterns you can choose from. What is more important is that you get the comfort and the luxury any of these patterns give. So set your table now and be thrilled in using these kitchen collectibles.

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Source by Jinky Pauline Salcedo

Promotional Disposable Cups- The Most Efficient Solution In Reaching Your Market

Promotional Disposable Cups: The most efficient solution in reaching your market.

Distributing promotional items in any event or occasion is a true and tested marketing strategy in communicating to your market. Aside from reinforcing your branding, you are also promoting a positive image for your company. But with all the benefits of distributing promotional giveaways, why is it that many companies and individuals still avoid giving away customized merchandise to their customers?

The answer is the cost.

Yes, though very effective, the cost of handing out promotional items may be a bit above the marketing budget for some companies. And if you are one of those who shy away from promotional products believing that this strategy is just too costly to include in your marketing strategy mix, then it is about time for you to rewrite your marketing plan.

Through promotional disposable cups, you will be able to apply the promotion product strategy without spending a big chunk of your marketing budget.

Disposable cups and drinkware is one of the most efficient yet underutilized promotional item out there. It has most of the positive characteristics of the other promotional drinkware such as the right surface area for logo imprinting, and the high level of usefulness making it ideal for any occasion. But the most important aspect of a promotional plastic cup is the cost, which, on average, is 6x cheaper than its non-disposable counterparts.

But since it is disposable, does that mean that its impact will be less compared to the other customized drinkware?

There has been no substantial study made to measure the difference of the impact of a disposable vs. a non-disposable promotional product. But of course, a customized plastic cup cannot provide the constant branding reinforcement that, say, an imprinted glassware can offer. But if you consider the cost together with the benefits of a disposable cup, you can easily conclude that this promotional item has attained its intended goal with minimal expense on your part.

Just imagine a convention with hundreds of people in attendance. If you have effectively distributed the promotional disposable cups to your potential customers, then you have already accomplished your intended goal of reaching your target market. And the people who have visited your booth for sure will still continue to walk around the trade hall while taking a sip from the plastic cup with your logo imprinted on it for all to see. Now, how is that for maximum exposure?

More promotional mugs and cups article and products are available at

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Source by Marc Perez

What Is Stoneware Dinnerware?

What is stoneware dinnerware made of?

Stoneware is a hard ceramic material made from 25% ball clay, 15% china clay, 35% flint and 15% china stone that is fired to a high temperature (about 2185 degrees Fahrenheit) giving it a dark, rich textured look of hand made pottery. It can be glazed in a wide variety of colors and finishes (matte, satin and shiny) for diverse designs or left undecorated, but dinnerware pieces should be glazed to keep them water and chip resistant. If you are looking for a bullet-proof dinnerware material that can handle any family, then this is as close as you will get.

Why is Stoneware a great choice for kitchen dinnerware?

Stoneware is so incredibly durable and tends to be thicker, heavier than porcelain or china. These casual dinnerware sets can handle everyday use and still keep there original beauty for years. The variety of color, patterns and styles make it easy to find a dinnerware set that will match any kitchen decor. You can use then in the oven, refrigerator, microwave and dishwasher without harming them. They are able to stack on top of each other in the kitchen cabinet without scratching. This table ware has a sense of character that can only be appreciated by our individual taste.

Stoneware retains heat from the microwave, making it effective for warming food, but cautions should be used with ovens. Don’t ever take a dish from the freezer and place it directly in the microwave or oven. Let it reach room temperature before placing it in the over or it will crack from thermal shock. Never use Stoneware on stove tops and broilers. Don’t place hot dishes on cold or wet surfaces, as this can cause breakage too.

Most stoneware dinnerware sets come in a basic 16 pieces set that includes four dinner plates, four salad plates, four coffee mugs/cups and four bowls. Some 16-piece sets exchange mugs for the glasses, but you can purchase as many sets of four as you will need for your family. Another great thing about casual stoneware dinnerware set is that you can mix and match them to create a unique set that fits your kitchen decor. They are reasonable priced and broken dinnerware can be replaced.

How to Care For Stoneware Dinnerware?

These are one of the easiest type dinnerware to own since a good quality stoneware dinnerware set can be put in the dishwasher or immersed in mild soapy water because it has a protective glaze, but always read the manufacturer’s instructions before you put your dinnerware in the dishwasher.

Never put any piece of dinnerware in a microwave oven if it has metal bands or metallic paint in its design or decoration. It may destroy the microwave oven.

If your stoneware casual dinnerware set is to be the only set that you purchase, consider a simple white or off-white set that can be used for everyday, as well as for more formal occasions. It’s easy to add bold decorative accents in order to spice up a table setting.

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Source by Tamara Madrid

Assembly at Home Jobs – Electronics Assembly at Home Jobs

Assembly at home jobs involved the assembly of many products. The beauty of this kind of work is that you will be taught the assembling techniques of a broad range of products. If you would wish to assemble electronic products, the company will provide you with a step by step instruction which would be very easy to understand because of the simple English and the illustrations that go with the step by step process of assembly instructions.

In fact, even if you have no knowledge about electronics and it would be your first time to touch and hear about the names of those tiny electronic components such as transistors, resistors, capacitors, and other electronic items, you can still go about the assembly of these products. Of course, it is a must that you know how to read and understand English correctly in order for you to be able to assemble these products based on the instructions. Actually, assembly at home jobs that would deal about the assembly of electronic parts can be of several types.

You can be given assignment to assemble electronic components that would only need tools such as long nose pliers, screw drivers and cutters. This kind of assembly will make you assemble electronic parts through the use of these tools. Another kind of electronic assembly will have to make you use an electric soldering gun and even a simple tester to test the product. With this kind of electronic assembly at home jobs, the company will have to provide the assembler with an electric soldering gun, lead for soldering and a simple electric meter for testing.

These tools will come attached with how to use guide. Anybody can easily learn to use these tools. Assembly at home jobs dealing in assembly that need specialized tools will need to have separate instructions in how to use such tools. These instructions, aside from making the user learn how to use the tools, will also provide for the necessary safety tips to preclude the worker from getting hurt through the wrong use of such equipment. It has been noted, however, that most of assembly at home jobs worker choosing electronic product assembly jobs, have some basic knowledge of electronics, the reason why they go for this kind of assembly work.

Electronic assembly at home jobs are offered by many businesses and companies involved in the manufacture of electronic products. Because of the growing market of their products that are used in many electronic applications such as FM radios, Cassette Disc players, digital cameras and even cell phones, the need for electronic assembly at home jobs workers are badly needed by these companies. This is also one reason why even those without basic knowledge in electronics are being taken in by companies so long as the applicant home worker knows how to read and follow instructions. In effect, if you think you are ready to follow instructions in the assembly work of electronics product, this kind of assembly at home job which is an easy and profitable way of using your idle time at home is truly suited for you.

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Source by Angila Jones

Ten Tacky Things To Avoid At Your Wedding

Sometimes in the midst of planning their wedding, impressionable couples can have a tough time sorting out the good ideas from the bad. Just because you have seen something done at another wedding does not necessarily mean that is is okay to include at your own. Ten tacky things to avoid are:

1. A dollar dance with the bride. I don’t care how many times you have seen this done, it is never acceptable. And no, you should not have a “money tree” either.

2. A cash bar. These people are your guests – you cannot expect them to pay for your reception. You didn’t call them up and ask them to pay for your wedding gown or bridal jewelry, did you? Graciously serve what you can afford. If that means beer and wine instead of French champagne, that is perfectly fine. Or create a signature drink; it is a very stylish way to avoid the expense of a full open bar.

3. Speaking of the wedding gown, be very wary of lace-up or corset backs. Unless they are done extremely well by an expert in corset construction, they just look trashy. Also beware the danger of back fat squishing through the laces – very unsightly, and it can happen to almost anyone, no matter how slim she may be.

4. While we are on the subject of the bridal ensemble, let’s talk about accessories. You will surely want to be fully bejeweled on your wedding day, from your hair on down to your feet. Remember, though, to keep it tasteful, and to balance your bridal jewelry with your other accents. For instance, if you are wearing a grand and opulent tiara, chose a delicate pendant instead of a three inch wide rhinestone choker to adorn your neck. You want your to wear your accessories, not to have them wear you!

5. For the gentlemen – don’t try to get too creative with your black tie. A vest or cumberbund in a color that ties in with the bridesmaids’ dresses is fine, but one covered with cartoon characters crosses the line. And need I even mention that a tuxedo print t-shirt is frightening, not clever?

6. This one is for the guests: the invitation is meant only for those to whom it was addressed. That means that you cannot bring your children or your cousin visiting for the weekend, unless they were specifically invited.

7. Bridesmaid abuse. Please remember that your bridesmaids are not indentured servants. Being close friends of the bride, they are likely to volunteer to help her go gown shopping, assemble favors, etc., but a bride should not demand that for the one year preceding her wedding these women dedicate every spare minute to preparing for her wedding. Nor can you make unreasonable demands regarding the appearance of your friends. If you liked your someone enough to ask her to be in your wedding in the first place, you should like her enough to let her be herself at the wedding.

8. Including registry information with the wedding invitation. Putting the details about a bridal registry on the invitation makes it look like the guest must bring a present in order to be admitted to the reception. While most guests will probably be happy to give the newlyweds a gift to help them start off their new life together, it is not mandatory.

9. And while we are on the subject of gifts, here is one of the tackiest things of all: neglecting to send thank you notes for each and every gift. Handwritten notes, not some generic pre-printed thing left on the tables at the reception, and for heaven’s sake, no e-mails! There is a common misconception that a couple has a year after the wedding to send out thank you notes. This is inaccurate – the year is the time span during which it would be considered proper for a guest to send out a wedding gift. The easiest way to handle thank you notes is to write them within a week of receiving the gift. That way, the excitement of opening the package is still fresh in your mind, and it is much easier to be sincere.

10. This last one is also for the guests: no snickering about whether the bride is “pure” enough to wear white!

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Source by Bridget Mora

Diamonds – The Variety of the Cut

The engagement ring modern Western culture tends to be fairly standardized. A diamond, sometimes surrounded by other, smaller stones, set into a band of precious metal. However, the cut of the diamond or diamonds has a huge impact on the appearance and tone of the ring. Diamond styles include round, princess, radiant, emerald, oval, pear, asscher, flanders, heart, cushion, marquise, old miner and trillion cuttings. Each has certain defining characteristics, and each tends to rise and fall in popularity in accordance with the times.

The most common cut for a diamond today is the brilliant cut, which takes full advantage of the diamond’s potential sparkle. The numerous facets of the style and the conical shape of the stone maximize light return through the top of the diamond, enhancing the gem’s sparkle. This style of diamond cut was invented in Italy in the middle of the 17th century. A modern round brilliant cut diamond has 58 facets, 33 on the crown and 25 on the lower portion of the stone.

Princess cut diamond engagement rings are quite popular at present. This shape accents the fire and sparkle of the stone rather than its luster. The diamond is square when viewed from above and pyramid-shaped when seen from the side. The square appearance makes the diamond fairly unique in appearance, a contributing factor to its popularity. Princess cut diamonds are a fairly recent advent, having been invented only in 1979.

Marquise diamonds are basically ovular in shape, but the ends are pointed. The legend is that the shape was inspired by the smile of the Marquise de Pompadour, a well-known courtesan and famous mistress of King Louis V. The long shape of the diamond is flattering to the hand, giving the illusion of added length.

Pear cut diamonds, sometimes called teardrop cut, are considered a fancy cut. The shape, when viewed from above, is similar to that of a pear, with a broad base that extends to a point. This style is most attractive on hands with small or average-length fingers. It is not commonly used for rings today, although it was more popular in bygone eras.

The emerald cut is a very dramatic style. It is so named because the shape was originally developed for the green gem rather than the diamond. Emerald cut diamonds are basically rectangular, featuring long, clean lines. They tend to be less fiery than brilliants or princess cuts, but they do produce broader, more dramatic flashes of light. Emerald cut diamonds lend a sophisticated, elegant air to an engagement ring.

Radiant cut diamonds combine the appearances of brilliant and emerald cuts. Such diamonds are generally rectangular in shape, but with rounded corners. The radiant diamond has 70 facets, ensuring a great deal of light and color refraction. The design requires that more weight be directed toward the diamond’s depth in order to maximize brilliance.

The cushion cut diamond is a relatively antique style, although it is currently enjoying a small resurgence. It is ovular in shape, but differs from an oval cut in the size of the facets. Cushion diamonds are not as fiery or brilliant as many of the newer styles, but it has a romantic and classic look that makes it stand out.

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Source by Victor Epand

Being A Wedding MC – Top Tips For Introducing The Speakers

A wedding mc is the Master of Ceremonies at the wedding reception. Think of him, or her, as the puppeteer who pulls the strings, the one who makes things happen. The main duty of the wedding emcee is ensuring the wedding reception flows.

As the wedding mc you will be responsible for introducing the speakers, leading the applause for each speaker and providing the transition to the next speaker. And throughout the wedding reception you will, as wedding mc, provide the link from one event to the next.

To be a success as a wedding mc, here are some top tips to remember when introducing speakers.

Tip #1: a good introduction is always brief;

Tip #2: make sure you can correctly pronounce the name of each speaker you have to introduce;

Tip #3: know a little about each speaker;

Tip #4: never upstage a speaker; and

Tip #5: remember you are not a stand-up comic. Never tell risque jokes, or mother-in-law jokes or tales about a previous relationship the bride or groom may have had. It’s always advisable to ask the bride and groom what type of humor they want.

Generally, a speaker at an event is never sure of the reaction they’ll get from their audience. Will it be friendly or hostile? As a wedding mc you have one big advantage. The bridal party and all the guest are all on your side. They are friendly and want, just like you, the wedding reception to be a great party enjoyed by everyone.

Prepare properly for your role as a wedding mc and you’ll be fine. And remember, this is a live event and things can and do go wrong. So be prepared for the unexpected to happen too.

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Makler Heidelberg

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Source by Brad Murray

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