Gift Giving in the Office

If your office practices giving gifts to co-workers during the holiday season, there are several things to consider. While shopping for relatives is difficult enough, shopping for co-workers you may not know very well can be quite the challenge. Here are a few ideas:

Gift Certificates:

Gift certificates may very well be the never-fail gift idea. Choose general stores, like grocery stores or department stores, or a specialty store if you know the person’s preference, hobbies or interests. Try local restaurants, butcher shops, music stores, photography studios for gift certificate ideas, or even services such as landscaping, decorating or home improvement services.

Another great choice would be a mall gift certificate. Many malls offer gift certificates that most stores inside the complex will honor. That way the recipient can choose which store they’d like and choose their own perfect gift.

A gift certificate is a great idea for a coworker that you know little about. Some inquiring may be needed if you want to go the specialty store route, but general stores and local businesses are typically a good idea for gift certificates.

Office-friendly gifts:

If you’re really stuck on an idea, try something for the person’s office, cubicle or work area. Try finding a nice plant, an inspirational items like plaques and posters, a radio, calendars or perhaps even some kind of office equipment the person might enjoy. A seat cushion or padded mouse pad could be a great idea.

Gift baskets:

Try a themed gift basket with the coworker’s interests in mind. For the coffee-drinker, there are a variety of pre-made coffee themed gift baskets, or you could make your own for a personalized touch. There are many choices for food-themed gift baskets, such as teas, crackers, cheeses, etc.

There are a few things you may want to consider before purchasing a gift. Religion is one of those.

In most cases, the employees in an office come from a variety of backgrounds and prescribe to a variety of beliefs. What may be a great gift to one person, can often be a bad idea for another, and religion is one of the things that should be considered. If you’re not sure of a person’s religion, steer clear of religious items altogether.

Along the same lines of thought, avoid alcoholic gifts such as wine if you are uncertain to whether a coworker drinks alcohol or not. Also, food allergies should be taken into consideration, as well as foods that could be taboo in another person’s culture. Again, certain types of items are best given when you know the person’s background and religious beliefs first.

Gifts given to coworkers can be a great way to maintain a friendly office environment, as well as promoting friendship among employees. There are a few considerations that should be taken when choosing a gift, but there are also some great general ideas that can be personalized and appreciated by the recipient.

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Source by Tonia Jordan

Answer 7 Questions and Save Office Equipment Costs

In recent years, the convergence of office equipment technologies has brought with it a huge choice in Multifunctional, All-in-One devices which can scan, copy, print and fax documents – either at the desktop for independent workers or via a networked standalone device for company workgroups. This latter configuration, of course, can become a “network of networks” in larger organisations, where several devices are strategically placed for maximum throughput and optimum efficiency.

Controlling Ownership Costs: The Challenge

Along with this convergence, the challenge of controlling costs has become exponentially more difficult, when ease of access to powerful print/copy devices is an encouragement to generate more hard-copy documents, and indeed, to make use of high-level facilities which may not suit the needs of the task in hand. Additionally, the reliance of a business on a reduced set of workflow devices makes it more vulnerable to the effect of equipment downtime. The attractive concept of saving capital costs by investing in one piece of All-in-One equipment, where previously several were needed is thus countered by concerns for the “Total Cost of Ownership”, which relates to the ongoing expense of maintaining and servicing the device.

What is Total Cost of Ownership?

Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) is the generic term which describes the accounting of the direct, visible costs and the indirect and invisible costs of equipment usage as well as initial acquisition. How the indirect costs are to be accounted for is a complex and controversial subject – and in essence, it can only be a long-term calculation based on experience and monitoring.

Measurement of the yield of consumable supplies (toner, drum, developer or cartridge) is of course the main focus of any TCO test methods. However, other aspects of TCO include equipment reliability (how much will a half-day downtime cost?), or simply the refilling of paper trays or replacing toner and cartridges. A great deal of exhaustive testing is required to arrive at true figure for any organisation.

Your Steps Towards Cost Savings

A major component of TCO, of course, is the actual production of hard copy paper documents. Much more paper is often produced than is necessary – in spite of the fact that most of us would prefer to live and work in a less cluttered environment. Hence it would seem that a simple step in the direction of reducing TCO would be to introduce a daily discipline whereby we ask ourselves:

– is it really necessary to print a hard copy?

– if it is necessary, what quality of paper is needed?

– is it necessary to have a full size hard copy?

– is it necessary to have the hard copy only single-sided?

– what will happen to the copy in – 1 day? or in 1 week? or in 1 month? or 1 year?

– where and how is it going to be stored during that time?

– how will it be disposed of when it is no longer useful?

It becomes obvious after asking these questions, that immediate and significant savings can be made by:

– reducing the number of documents output to hard copy for filing purposes

– thus reducing paper use, toner use, staff time in filing and retrieving, as well as the actual filing space,

– refusing the temptation to print out emails

– outputting any necessary draft, temporary or file copies at reduced size – 2-up on a sheet at least

– outputting any necessary draft, temporary or file copies in duplex, as double-sided documents

Such methodology will introduce savings of great significance. They require simple discipline to introduce, and in the long run they will reinforce the commercial sense of investing in powerful, Multi functional office equipment.

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Makler Heidelberg

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Source by Jimi St. Pierre

The History of Chinese Shoes

We need to wear shoes to protect our feet every day.Do you know something interesting histories about Chinese shoes?Follow me,Let’s learn something about it.

Foot Clothing: the earliest shoes and socks

The earliest shoes in China were made by tanned animal hide. They are the ancestor of leather boots.

In the ancient script engraved on bone and tortoise shell it depicts a whole animal hide was trimmed and stretched out. This would indicate that, at the time written Chinese was being formulated, socks and shoes were both related to leather. In ancient times there was no distinction between shoes and socks. The ancients would protect their feet by cutting out pieces of animal hide, wrapping them around their feet, and securing them with leather thongs. According to archaeologists, this kind of foot wrapping first appeared in the Old Stone Age.

Straw Shoes

People in the east and south of China were making straw shoes using bamboo needles and flax thread. Archaeological finds show that as early as 7,000 years ago, ancient Chinese had learned to make articles of daily use from plant fibers.

Many kinds of grass can be used to make shoes. In ancient times, almost all people across China wore straw shoes, excepting nomadic tribes. The main difference in mode of this footwear was that people in the frigid north wore thick straw boots, while those in the hot, humid south wore straw sandals. Straw footwear was worn by all, whether they were nobles, men of letters or farmers. Even today, local farmers still weave straw shoes for daily use and export.

Wooden Sandals

Ancient Chinese also made wooden sandals by attaching straw ropes to wooden soles.

Silk Shoes

Silkworm breeding started about 5,000 years ago in China. In the Shang Dynasty, some 3,000 years ago, people learned how to weave silk cloth and color it with mineral and plant dyes. The development of sericulture greatly influenced Chinese shoe making, and colorful silk shoes gradually replaced straw shoes.

High Heel Shoes in old times

Manchu women’s high heel shoes (from 18th to 20th century) had a concave heel of 10 to 15 cm in the center of the instep. The vamp was made of silk and embroidered with designed of flowers, birds, and fruits. These shoes are inconvenient to walk in, but they encourage the swaying gait of the wearer which was regarded as beautiful and also made the wearer tower over the others.

The picture on the right shows the Empress Dowager Cixi’s splendidly decorated shoes dripping with strings of pearls.

Traditional Cotton Shoes

Traditional black cotton shoes with white cotton padded soles have been very popular since a hundred years ago and continued to be popular in rural areas of China today.

Sturdy cotton shoes (the vamp can be made of silk, velvet, or quilted cotton for winter days to keep feet warm) go with any fabric in any season, dressy or casual. They suits for teenage girls, middle age, and old ladies. They fit any type of foot because they simply take the shape of the foot they are on.

When I was a child I worn quilted cotton shoes quite often in winter. My mother made the sole, sewed with linen, stitched together with many layers of cloth. She bought the vamp from open markets and stitched it with the sole using a big needle. I miss the soft and cosy feeling of those handmade quilted cotton shoes. However, they are not suitable for rainy days due to the material used. Certainly they won’t be much of use in England’s wet winter except wearing them as indoor slippers.

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Source by Jamine Shen

Tips For Women’s Clothing

The list of most adorable things in a woman’s life definitely includes her clothings. Women and fashion are complimentary to each other. This is a very desirable approach too. After all, the fashion conscious women bring color and life everywhere. Just imagine a world where no woman takes care in selecting her apparels. How lifeless the surroundings will be! But women should also think about the quality and comfort of the dresses they wear. Fashion, quality and comfort should go together. Then only the ultimate purpose of womens clothing will be fulfilled.

What to do when Buying Clothes?

When you are a little careful and are ready to spend a little more time when buying clothes, you will get quality clothings and will feel good after wearing them.

Plan before Shopping

Plan what do you want- casual wear, business apparel or a party wear. Also important is to decide what style and trend work better for you? Are you comfortable with bold types or the conservative styles? What is your budget? What are the colors that suit you the most? and what are the basic styles that suit your body type? The answers will definitely help you in finding the right stores according to your needs.

Select Quality Clothings

Its always better to have smaller better quality wardrobe than to have a large number of low quality clothings. The second option can put you in embarrassing situation anytime. So be careful while checking the quality of the clothes.

Examine the fabric: If you see the fabric in sufficient light, you can make out the flaws and pulls in its structure. Learn to differentiate between high quality and low quality fabrics. One of the ways to develop this quality is to visit high-end women’s fashion boutique. Touch the fabric on the higher end designer clothing and feel their texture. Next, visit a lower end fashion outlet and do the same exercise. You’ll soon develop an ability to determine fabric quality.

Check the finish and the accessories of the clothing: Check the stitching that should be in straight line with an average of ten stitches per inch. Check the belt, if there’s any. Cheap, thin, or flimsy belts will mean that the entire garment might be of lower quality. Zippers should mix in with the color of the garment and should not be obvious. Move the zipper up and down to ensure its proper working. High quality women’s clothing generally have smooth, finished buttonholes which fit neatly over the button. The hems should be hand sewn and invisible from the outside of the garment.

Although expensive and branded apparels are usually of high quality but if your budget does not allow to go for such kinds, you can explore ways to buy high quality clothes at cheaper rates. You can wait for the holiday sales by the brands to shop for the coming seasons. Another way is to shop online. Many internet stores offer women’s clothing at low costs so that they may save the cost of running a physical store.

So now you know what all is required to have a good wardrobe! Why wait? Start planning for your next buy!

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg

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Source by Barbie Thomas

Fashion – Become an Alpha Male

To become an alpha male you must know how to project yourself in the best possible light. Image can be defined as a mental conception of an individual.

Our image of somebody is created by the beliefs that we have about that person. It may be the impressions we form when meeting somebody new or it may be an individual’s reputation that has developed over time. Our impression about other people may be based on how they look, speak or behave. A person’s overall image may consist of a variety of factors, including their clothing, grooming, voice tone, vocabulary, body language and social behaviours. Your image is so important because other people will make assumptions based on limited information. For example, somebody may be perceived as trustworthy because they maintain strong steady eye contact. They may be judged as capable, professional, successful, intelligent and wealthy because they are well dressed. The reverse is also true. This chapter will focus on how to create a powerful and positive image through dress sense and fashion.

In all societies throughout history, fashion has served as an indicator of social status and cultural belonging. It is true that the manner in which people dress proclaims their place in a given society.

Military uniforms provide a very obvious indication of power, status and rank. By adopting a uniform you make a clear statement of your alliances. In politics, leaders of countries will deliberately alter their appearance when dealing with foreign cultures. Eastern leaders will dress in their own style in their own country but when visiting and negotiating with a Western nation, they may abandon their traditional garb in favour of a Western-style suit. Similarly, European politicians will carefully calibrate their wardrobes to establish a link with a particular audience.

Perhaps the greatest example of the power of appearance occurred during the televised 1960 presidential debates between John F. Kennedy and Richard Nixon. Kennedy looked youthful, tanned and relaxed in his slim-cut suit. Nixon had a five o’clock shadow, looked rumpled and perspired throughout the debate. After the debates, polls indicated that those who had listened on the radio overwhelmingly thought that Nixon had come out on top. But among those who saw the debates on television, the vast majority felt that Kennedy had done a far superior job. And we all know how that election turned out.

Fashion Tips 1

Many men have serious problems when it comes to fashion. It can cost so much and clothing trends and styles change so quickly. Of course, there is no simple solution to fashion. Everyday your style may change depending on a variety of different factors. This section will teach you, in depth, the best way to look your absolute best, in every situation. Once you are finished reading it, go over the main points to internalise the teachings and your fashion sense will improve dramatically.

Take Note of Stylish People

The first step of fashion excellence is to become aware of what other people are wearing. Compliment people on their styles and if you see somebody who is particularly well-dressed, don’t hesitate to stop and ask them where they bought it. You will pick up more fashion tips in this way than you could possibly realise. Most people will quite happily tell you the best stores to shop in and you will have a much better understanding of what’s in style, what to wear on certain occasions, and how to best spend your money. When you are flicking through magazines, make a mental note of the best dressed celebrities, especially if they are photographed over several days, wearing different clothes. Make note of the colours and the styles and go out and buy a mix and match of similar items. Every fashion icon started out by emulating the style of others and this is one of the best ways to get your fashion up to speed.

Make Sure your Clothes Fit

So many people overlook this vital principle. Most guys who see a designer jacket for a bargain price will buy it even if it a size too big. It’s so important that you wear fit you perfectly. If your top is too large, the extra fabric can make it seem like you’re swimming in your shirt. If you are of a slim build, only wear single or double breasted blazers and make sure to tailor them so they fit properly throughout your entire body. Make sure to avoid any loose fabric under the arms or in the shoulder area. An oversized blazer that doesn’t fit your measurements will leave you looking sloppy. There are certain fashion tactics that you can employ to hide your own flaws and accentuate your physical attributes. No matter what your body type, there is a personal style of dressing that will suit you best. With jeans, this is especially relevant. Starting out, the most dramatic improvement you can make in your style is to make sure everything fits. Sizes will vary with different brands but proper fit is crucial. Bad fit is an epidemic, cure yourself.

Queer Eye for the Straight Guy

Who among all your friends has the best fashion sense? Going shopping with someone who has excellent taste is always a great idea. Make sure they are honest with you and are comfortable enough to tell you what doesn’t look good on you. The people who work in the store can often lead you astray by picking the most expensive item over the one that actually suits you best. Stick with your friend’s opinion and trust them enough to leave your comfort zone. If the recommend something that stands out a little, go with it and see what response you get. By standing out, you portray a lot of self confident and other people will often perceive you as interesting. If you are in a social gathering, women may open conversation with you by commenting on your attire. The next time you are shopping with your friend, try on some items you normally would shy away from. You may be surprised at how much they suit you.

Men’s Jewellery

Recently men’s jewellery has seen a renaissance. Now, a new generation of young, urban metrosexuals are apparently comfortable enough with revealing their feminine side to wear a pendants, earrings, bracelets and rings. Although men’s jewellery still represents a fraction of overall jewellery sales, the MTV bling look has helped sell diamond-faced watches as well as large diamond earrings. Mass market jewellery retailers have cottoned on to this trend and are in a race to get actors to endorse their wide range of men’s jewellery. Tiffany had quietly expanded its usual watch and cufflink collections to include silver pendants, rings and bracelets.

When photos of Brad Pitt appeared in magazines, showing the actor wearing a silver pendant and cufflinks for the movie Oceans Twelve, men were out looking to buy “Brad Pitt” pieces. Similarly, Orlando Bloom has been photographed wearing men’s jewellery on magazine covers and the actor Johnny Depp is well known for his leather bracelets. George Clooney has also been seen wearing jewellery in a very understated, confident way. It’s not surprising then that jewellery retailers will work the celebrity circuit in any possible way. At this year’s Cannes festival, there was a desperate race to dress film stars with exquisite dresses, footwear and jewellery. The jeweller Chopard hired the entire floor of the Majestic hotel devoted to a heavily guarded treasure suite in an effort to entice celebrities to borrow some of their jewels for the occasion. Also new pieces were flown in daily from Geneva for actors to borrow.

Award shows and fashion shows are becoming all important showcase arenas for jewellery retailers. Competition between jewellery makers is increasing as the market for jewellery and men’s jewellery expands with the growth of economies in Asia and the US. In fact, anything a man can put on show is the key to nifty accessorising. According to new research out by Verdict, British men now spend £1.1billion a year on accessories, one fifth of that is spent on jewellery and watches. So as far as men are concerned, men’s rings could be just as important an accessory as wearing a watch or carrying the latest mobile phone. The same trend is seen in India, where young men appear more open about revealing a more feminine side. Jewellery retailers in major Indian cities have seen a boom in sales of men’s rings, bracelets and earrings.

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Source by Stephan Nolan

History of Gucci Sunglasses

They’re the favorite of Hollywood stars and just about everyone else on this planet. Indeed, the power and popularity of Gucci sunglasses cannot be ignored. Young and old alike love them and they have become a part of our culture. But how did it all start?

Gucci sunglasses have a long and colorful history. The brand began in 1906 when 25 year-old Guccio Gucci founded a saddelry shop in Florence and called it the House of Gucci. As a maker of fine lather goods, Gucci sold leather bags in the 1920s to horsemen and later moved on to luxury luggage items when his clients graduated to cars and other horseless carriages. The first retail shop was established in 1938 on Rome’s Via Condotti.

In the 1960s, Gucci became even more popular when Hollywood stars like Peter Sellers, Grace Kelly and Audrey Hepburn were associated with the brand. Jackie Kennedy Onassis was also photographed with a Gucci shoulder bag which was later called the “Jackie O.” At this time, the company used the “GG” logo.

In the 1990s, Tom Ford took the reins as the executive head of Gucci and “reintroduced” the brand. He breathed new life into the brand by developing various products including colognes, perfumes, cosmetics, shoes, suitcases, watches, ties and the ever popular Gucci sunglasses.

What makes these sunglasses a favorite of several stars? Aside from its high price, every Gucci pair oozes with style, class and grandeur. These sunglasses reflect trendy styles that look good and work even better. They’re far from ordinary which makes them the favorite of many people – from stars to ordinary people.

Gucci sunglasses are made for modern men and women. They talk of luxury and their glamorous, vintage style have become iconic pieces. The linear shapes of perfect proportions have a distinctive “flavor” that appeals to both men and women everywhere.

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Source by Dinara Parker

Tiffany Reproduction Lamps – How To Know A Good Quality Lamp From A Bad One?

Original Tiffany lamps were made by Tiffany Studios New York, in the late 1800’s and early 1900’s. These lamps are now antiques and can go for millions of US dollars. Because original Tiffany lamps are so incredibly expensive, (only the uber rich can afford them), and many people across the world have fallen for their elegance and beauty — Tiffany reproduction lamps were created. These lamps are made with a quality en par to that of original Tiffany lamps. Tiffany reproductions have given people all over the world the opportunity to own and admire a classic work of art. These lamps have now become so popular that they’re in a league of their own.

Tiffany reproduction lamps are exactly as described… reproductions of original Tiffany lamps. When I talk about Tiffany lamps, this is what I’m referring to. This article is about identify good quality Tiffany reproduction lamps.

Beware Of Imitations

There are many people out there exploiting the beauty of Tiffany lamps — not staying true to the construction and craftsmanship of original Tiffany lamps; in the sense they’re not following the original techniques to construct these lamps or using materials that meet the same standard of Tiffany Studios. Worst of all these people are those that produce lamps made out of plastic. And then go about calling these lamps Tiffany lamps! I find this shameful to the Tiffany lamp name… plastic lamps can’t emit light half as well as good quality art glass! And one of the reasons Louis C. Tiffany created Tiffany lamps was because he wanted the beauty of stained glass windows to be in the homes of every American, but these windows were terribly expensive, and so one way Tiffany thought he could add exquisite stained glass to your home was transferring the art of stained glass windows to lamps. That’s why I’m writing this article. Not only to make you aware of these Tiffany lamp imitations, but give you the knowledge to determine what’s a good quality Tiffany lamp, and what’s a bad quality lamp… so you don’t fall prey to Tiffany lamp imitations!

Plastic Lamps

The making of most Tiffany reproduction lamps use the same 100 year old technique (soldering 100`s of small pieces of colorful stained glass together) as original Tiffany lamps. Poor quality Tiffany lamps are made from pieces of colored plastic glued together… or made from poor quality glass.

There are many people producing and selling plastic Tiffany lamps. In my opinion — and I’m sure other Tiffany lamp owners and collectors will agree — are of inferior quality. This is why when you go to buy a Tiffany lamp, you should make sure that the materials used are of high quality (both base and shade). The glass should be good quality art glass… not plastic. Please do not be fooled by these cheap plastic imitation lamps, as some of the sellers of these lamps are trying to pass them off as good quality Tiffany lamps. Poor quality Tiffany lamps are much cheaper than authentic Tiffany reproduction lamps.

How Tiffany Lamps Are made… A brief Overview

For you to be able to identify a good Tiffany lamp from a bad one, you need to have knowledge on how Tiffany lamps are made. All decent Tiffany lamps are not made by machinery, but hand made works of art. The shade of a Tiffany lamp is constructed from hand cut, polished and shaped pieces of stained art glass. Once all the pieces are cut, copper foil is wrapped around each individual piece (can you image how long that would take for a shade made out of 1000 pieces?). These copper wrapped glass pieces are then soldered together with lead.

An Important Bit!

I must stress here, that when you look at a Tiffany shade close up, you may see some bubble, seeds (tiny bubbles) or lines in the stained glass. Do not be alarmed by this! These are not defects. They’re features of the lamp and add character to the lamp… they simply reflect the nature and beauty of real stained art glass!

One of the great, and unique features about a Tiffany lamp is that no two Tiffany lamps are identical. Why? Because the glass in these lamps aren’t plain ordinary glass… it’s high quality hand rolled art glass, and only the best pieces of glass — with the right hues and texture — are used for the Tiffany shade. This… combined with the characteristic qualities of the seeds and lines mean there’s and infinite subtle variation of any one Tiffany lamp of the same shade, size and theme. No wonder Tiffany lamps are so special and a true one-of-a-kind lamp!

How To Identify Good Quality Glass

Good Tiffany lamps are made of colorful glass of intense color. These Tiffany lamps are vibrant pieces of decorative art, that would catch the corner of your eye — even in a room that’s lit by bright summer light pouring through the window pane. This is true even if the lamp is not even lit! This shows the quality and intensity of colors in a good quality lamp. Poor quality Tiffany lamp glass will be the opposite, the color of the glass will be washed out, the shade will appear dull and flat. This lamp would not out shine a sun lit room on a hot summers day.

A Good Quality Base

Good high-end Tiffany lamps use bronze bases… whilst lower quality Tiffany lamps aren’t made out of such high quality material, but have bronze finished bases made of zinc alloy. Try to stay away from this type! Another type of base that’s good quality is a base made out of mahogany. A good quality base will last you for years… and your grandchildren too!

The Price

The price range of good quality Tiffany lamps vary. The more intricate the design of the lamp, the greater the price will be… due to the amount of effort a glass lamp artist has to undertake to implement an intricate design — compared with a simpler one. Also. The more panels and colors a Tiffany lamp has, the more costly it is.

The Good… The Bad… And The Plain Old Ugly!

Here’s a quick overview of what to look for in a good & bad Tiffany lamp.

The Glass

Bad Lamps

o Use low quality glass which looks rough and lacks brilliance

o They need a good light bulb to illuminate the artistic patterns

o The colors are not well arranged in these lamps

o They’re inconsistent nature of the low-end glass makes it difficult to find the exact color variations

Good Lamps

o Use high quality stained glass.

o They shine even when the light bulb is not lit

o You can see the patterns clearly all the way through

o The texture of art glass is smooth

o The colors are vibrant and well balanced thus bringing their themes to life

Ugly Lamps

o Have plastic as a substitute to glass. (Sorry… I don’t mean to offend anyone here, but in my opinion, these lamps should never be produced!)

The Solder

Bad Lamps

o The solder is inconsistent

o Solder is thick at some places and thin at other places… indication of poor craftsman ship

Good Lamps

o Finely drawn

o Even and well polished

o Firm and usually plump

o Supporting the glass artwork and holding the shades tight

In summary:

Good Tiffany style lamps have a smooth and even solder lines separating the glass pieces. Bad Tiffany lamps have a rough and uneven solder lines — if you’re not careful… the solder lines may even cut your fingers!

Is a Fruit Lamp A Tiffany Lamp?

To put it bluntly… fruit lamps being called Tiffany lamps is a huge insult to the late Louise C. Tiffany and anyone in the Tiffany lamp business! Not every stained glass lamp you see is a Tiffany lamp, and a fruit lamp is one of them. So why, you may be thinking, is a fruit lamp not a Tiffany lamp? Well you’re in luck. After you’ve finished reading this you’ll know exactly how to identify what’s a Tiffany lamp, and what is NOT a Tiffany lamp.

Some of the main differences between Tiffany lamps and fruit lamps are:

o A single Tiffany lamp may has between 300-2000 glass pieces whereas a fruit lamp may have about 100 or so.

o Tiffany lamps are made from good quality art glass, which mean they have very deep rich colors, the glass offers a three dimensional effect… effectively making the theme on the glass shade spring to life. Whereas a fruit lamp appears flat and two dimensional. It looks dull and dingy. There’s no life to the fruit on these shades — the glass used on these fruit lamps adds no beauty to the lamps at all. These fruit lamps aren’t elegant like a Tiffany lamp. They’re coarse and dreary.

o Tiffany lamps are very expensive… they can go from a few hundred dollars to thousands of dollars whereas fruit lamps are not expensive and can be bought almost anywhere.

So. Hopefully, now you won’t be fooled by the cheap stained glass lamps portraying as Tiffany lamps. If there’s one way you want to add a touch of beauty to your home… then you can’t go wrong with an exquisite Tiffany lamp. It’ll stand the test of time for generations to come.

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg

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Source by Nadia Ankrah

What Is the Difference Between a Counterfeit and a Knockoff?

A common question for trademark lawyers is what is the difference between a “counterfeit” product and a “knockoff” product?

The term counterfeit is strictly defined by federal law. The term knockoff is used colloquially to describe those products that copy or imitate other products, but which may or may not be illegal under trademark laws.

The key difference is whether or not the product contains a brand name or logo that is identical to a registered trademark.

In the United States, the federal Lanham Act is the key statute defining trademark laws. Sections 32 and 43 of the Lanham Act allow trademark owners to pursue civil lawsuits. Additionally, those who knowingly sell counterfeit goods are subject to criminal prosecution.

A counterfeiter is one who intentionally and identically (or nearly identically) copies a federally registered trademark and places the fake logo or name on goods that are not authentic. These products are considered illegal because they clearly are intended to confuse consumers at the point of sale, and are a fraud on the public. Someone can be a counterfeiter even if he doesn’t make the products, but sells them to others.

“Knockoff” is a broader category, and can include products that have a confusingly similar overall appearance to a well-known product, but which do not contain any identical logos or federally registered brand names. Those who sell such products may still be sued by the trademark owner because these products can still cause consumer confusion, even if they do not contain counterfeit logos or brand names. However, these type of “knockoffs” cannot be criminally prosecuted.

Trademark owners may bring civil lawsuits against both types of targets: (a) those who produce and sell counterfeit products; and (b) those who produce and sell knockoffs.

The Lanham Act provides a variety of remedies to trademark owners, depending on the factual circumstances and the products involved. These remedies include imposing hefty fines, injunctions, destruction of the counterfeit goods, as well as litigation costs and, in exceptional cases, making the infringer pay the trademark owners’ attorneys’ fees and investigative expenses.

If you call a counterfeit product a “replica,” can you still be sued and/or criminally prosecuted? The answer is absolutely yes.

The product itself is still considered a fraud, regardless of the specific manner in which it is marketed and sold. It is intended to confuse consumers, both before, at or after the point of sale. Calling thousands of fake watches sold online “replicas” makes them no less harmful to the brand owners, whose brands become diluted and tarnished as a result of the flood of fakes on the marketplace.

Further, there is no guarantee that the counterfeit watch will not be given as a gift, or re-sold later to an unsuspecting consumer. Therefore, merely calling a counterfeit product a “replica” does not make it legal to sell it.

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Makler Heidelberg

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Source by Joseph C Gioconda, Esq

Luxury Yachts

Luxury yachts may not be anything new but they have become larger in recent years, and when it comes to individuals associated with luxury yachts there is no name bigger than the Russian Billionaire Roman Abramovich.

Roman Abramovich is the owner of three of the biggest luxury yachts sailing on the world’s oceans. Abramovich’s fleet consists of the Ecstasea, Pelorus and the Eclipse. Pelorus is the world’s eleventh largest private yacht and cost about $300million when it was built in 2003. Abramovich had it fitted out by Blohm & Voss to his own personal taste. It is almost permanent found cruising around the Mediterranean although it does venture further a field during the summer months. The Pelorus though hit the headlines when it was lent to John Terry and Frank Lampard in 2005 for being the best Chelsea players during the previous season. John Terry also was allowed to have his honeymoon on board in 2007.

The Pelorus is though dwarfed by Abramovich’s latest acquisition the Eclipse. When it comes to private luxury yachts there is no larger vessel than the Eclipse, and is a spectacular boat. This though is not surprising when you consider the price that Abramovich has paid for the boat. As far as luxury yachts go there is currently nothing that can match it.

The Eclipse has two helipads and a hanger for a private submarine, additional transport is also provided by four launches and twenty jet skis. It is perhaps the submarine hanger that is most impressive as it is built into the hull of the Eclipse and allows for Abramovich to leave undetected if so desired. Built over nine levels the boat also comes with a swimming pool, several hot tubs, as well as sleeping facilities for twenty four guests and thirty staff. As far as luxury yachts go the Eclipse also has an impressive cruising speed of twenty five knots.

Modern technology also abounds and unlike many other luxury yachts comes with many privacy and security settings. There are light sensors to guard against the flashes from paparazzi cameras, as well as motion sensors to detect intruders. Also in case of airborne attack there is also a missile detection system.

When it comes to luxury yachts, Roman Abramovich certainly has the largest and best fleet going. Then again with the money to spend it would not be unthinkable for him to commence building a larger and better vessel in the near future.

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg

Schnell, zuverlässig und kompetent

Source by Robert Grazian

Wine Tasting – What You Should Know About Wine Tasting

Wine Tasting Etiquette

As wine tasting is considered to be a very sophisticated practice there is a specific etiquette you have to follow. This etiquette should remain the same whether you are at a vineyard, a wine tasting private party, or in a restaurant.

When you have a wine tasting party you should only invite the amount of people that you can fit comfortably in the room you want to have your party. A crowd may be intimidating. You do not want any of your guests to feel like they are being rushed when they are pouring a glass or tasting the wine.

Always be sure to have bottled water on hand when you are having a wine tasting. This allows your guests to rinse their mouths out between tasting different wines. If you have just tasted a very heavy wine you must have water ready for the guests. If you do not then their next tasting may be tainted due to the heaviness lingering in their mouths. In addition, water is good because guests will get thirsty and they need to drink something other than the wine.

When you have a wine tasting it is important to provide foods for your guests. However, you also want to be sure to have food on hand that will not change the way the wine tastes in any way. The best snacks to have on hand include unflavored things like bread or unsalted crackers.


Some people practice decanting before they serve wine at a wine tasting. This is very controversial to many different wine enthusiasts. Decanting is the process of letting wine breathe before you serve it.

Some people let their wine breathe for a few hours before they serve it. However, decanting is not just letting your wine breathe but it is when you pour your wine into a completely different container to allow the breathing. Some people even apply a special filter when decanting to remove bitter sediments that might have formed in the wine.

Younger bottles of wine benefit more to an aeration process than the older bottles. However, the sediment is more common with the older bottles. Many people say that airing out the bottle can relax the flavor of the wine, making them taste smoother. The wine might have better integration. However, all wines do not benefit from this method. Some wines are meant to drink immediately after popping the cork from the bottle.

The best way to tell if you need to let a bottle of wine air out or be decanted is to taste it first. As soon as you pull the cork off of the wine bottle you can tell by tasting if it needs to air out a little.

Blind Tasting

The best way to hold a wine tasting is by blindly serving the wine to your guests. This means that you do not want the guests to know what you are serving to them. You might want to serve the wine in a black wine glass. However, the guests should also not see the shape of the bottle of wine nor should they ever see the label on the bottle.

You never want a wine taster’s judgment to be altered because they know specific details of a certain wine. Certain considerations that can alter a taster’s judgment about wine include the price, reputation, color, and the geographic region the wine came from.

People have expectations about wine when they know these considerations. If a wine is very expensive or comes from a certain geographical region some people tend to have expectations of the different varietals. Eliminating expectations of the tasters allows a wine tasting to go smoother and the scores of the wines will be more accurate.

Vertical Tasting

When you have a vertical wine tasting you will have one varietal of wine from the same vintage. This means you might have the same wine from different years; 1999, 2000, 2001, etc. The most common purpose of tasting wines like this is to get a good idea of a certain wineries style and composition. You can also get an understanding how the different weather patterns affect grapes during certain years.

Horizontal Tasting

When a horizontal tasting occurs you will use the same wine from many different producers. This type of tasting will allow you to determine which wineries you think produce the better wine. This wine will be from the same year and the same type of wine but from different wineries.

Tasting Flights

When you hold a tasting flight you will have many glasses of wine out for the tasters to test. Next to each glass of wine you will have a card including the specifics of the wine; winery, geographical demographics, type, and more. Some flights include up to 50 glasses of wine to be tasted.

This gives a taster an idea what types of wines come from certain parts of the world and more. You can also get a good idea of the different tastes of the different types of wines when you taste wine through a flight.

Old World versus New World Tasting

Many people enjoy this type of wine tasting. The Old World according to wine enthusiasts is considered to be countries like France, Italy, Austria, Spain, etc. The New World is North America, South America, South Africa, New Zealand, and Australia.

The reason these countries are considered to be the New World is because they are new to the wine producing industry and late starters. However, these countries are significant in producing wines.

Many people like to feature the same types of wines from the old and new worlds to determine which they like better. Some people like to do a horizontal or vertical method with this also. There are many ways to mix it up so you can make your wine tasting successful.

Wine and Cheese Tasting

There are many different palate influences that cheese has when you drink a particular wine. When you taste specific wine combinations properly you will understand how well cheese and wine really do go together.

The best way to serve a Cabernet sauvignon is with blue cheese. All you need is just a little. You might serve the blue cheese with an unflavored French bread also. The blue cheese acts by coating the mouth and laying a foundation which will soften the wine and make it taste very good.

The best way to test this is by taking a taste of the wine first. Wait a minute. Then take a bite of the cheese and take another drink. You will see a big difference.

Wine and Chocolate Tasting

Chocolate and wine can go together if you do it right. Some people completely disagree but this is because they do not know how to pair up the two together. When you drink wine with chocolate it is important to be sure the wine is as sweet as the chocolate you are serving. If you have a wine that is not as sweet as the chocolate it will cause the wine to taste very sour.

If you want to serve lighter wines at a wine tasting with chocolate it is best to stick with chocolates that are lighter also. For instance, the white chocolates are the best with the lighter wines. A white zinfandel will go very well when you pair it with a chocolate that is bittersweet.

Priceless Tasting

Priceless wine tasting is not telling the guests how much the bottle of wine costs. If you have several bottles of wine you don’t want to let anyone know the price of the wine. When guests know what the price of the wine is their judgment is tainted. Never reveal the price of the wine.

If you feel you must tell the guests the price of the wine, be sure you tell them after the tasting is over. This is because it is a natural perception that an expensive wine is superior to a wine that costs a low dollar amount of money. This may be true in some circumstances but it isn’t always the case. You don’t want assumptions to be made before the wine has been tasted or it will ruin the wine tasting.

Price point Tasting

The price point tasting method is very similar to the priceless tasting. However, you will use wines that are in the same price range when you serve the wines. The important factor is to establish a baseline for the dollar amount and stick to it.

Big 8 Tasting

A Big 8 tasting includes a wine tasting of the different varietals of the Big 8 wines in a tasting flight. The big 8 wines include red and white wines. The red wines included in the Big 8 are Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinot Noir, Shiraz, and Merlot. The white wines included in the Big 8 are the Chardonnay, Riesling, Pinot, and the Sauvignon Blanc.

This is a great way to have a wine tasting if your guests don’t know the differences with the different varietals. They can work their way through the wines and find out for themselves what each of the wines taste like and the differences.

This is a fun way to learn about the wines. When you have newer wine tasters this might be the first type of wine tasting you want to have at home. This way, the next wine tasting you have your friends will know what to expect with the different blends of wine.

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg

Schnell, zuverlässig und kompetent

Source by Scott Wells

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